Magento - Set Product Dropdown and Multiselect Values Programmatically

Here's how to programmatically, meaning through code, set a product's attribute value when the attribute is of type Dropdown or Multiselect.  For dropdown, we'll be interested in setting only a single value.  And obviously for multiselect, we'll be interested in setting multiple values.

With Text attributes such as Name and Description, you can do something like:

$product->setName( 'My Sweet Shirt' );
$product->setDescription( 'This shirt will make you look good, thus impressing girls.' );

Unfortunately, this won't work for attributes whose values are predefined.  Instead of cursing Magento, think of it as a data-integrity/validation measure.

Anyway, assuming you already have a $product object, our overall process will be to:

  1. Load an attribute object for the attribute you want to work on
  2. Load the collection of that attribute's values
  3. Make your choices (different for Dropdown and Multiselect)
  4. Save the product

1. Load an attribute object for the attribute you want to work on

$attribute = Mage::getModel('eav/entity_attribute');
$attribute->loadByCode( 4, 'color' );

2. Load the collection of that attribute's values

$values = array();
$valuesCollection = Mage::getResourceModel('eav/entity_attribute_option_collection')
	->setAttributeFilter( $attribute->getId() )
	->setStoreFilter( Mage_Core_Model_App::ADMIN_STORE_ID, false)
	->load();

foreach ($valuesCollection as $item) {
	$values[$item->getValue()] = $item->getId();
}

3. Make your choice - DROPDOWN

$product->setColor( $values['Blue'] ); // just do whatever you need to code 'Blue' instead of hard-coding it

3. Make your choices - MULTISELECT

$product->addData( array(
	'color' => $values['Blue'] .','. $values['Red'] .','. $values['Black']  // just putting together a comma-separated list of values
) );

4. Save the product

$product->save();

This builds off the solution posted by member "icvu" here: http://www.magentocommerce.com/boards/main.php/viewthread/69925/ -- specifically the addData() part.

Thanks, and have fun setting attribute values.

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